McClellan-Kerr Arkansas River Navigation System
The McClellan-Kerr Arkansas River Navigation System is a system of navigable pools on the Arkansas River formed from seventeen locks, dams, and reservoirs extending from the Port of Catoosa near Tulsa, Oklahoma, to Montgomery Point near Dumas on the Mississippi River. The McClellan-Kerr Arkansas Rover Navigation System is operated by the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers in Little Rock and Tulsa.
The $1.2 billion McClellan-Kerr system, dedicated on June 5, 1971, by President Richard Nixon, was the result of several decades of effort to improve port facilities, transportation, and flood control on the Arkansas River. As early as 1941 Senator Hattie Caraway and Representative Clyde T. Ellis lobbied in favor of an Arkansas River Valley Authority. Their efforts went unrewarded, but in 1956 Arkansas Senator John L. McClellan and Oklahoma Senator Robert S. Kerr secured passage of public works funds for waterway improvements and hydroelectric power generation. The district engineer in Little Rock responsible for construction of the Arkansas portion of the system was Colonel Charles L. Steel.
In 2008 slightly more than two million tons of commodities were transported over the system. Commodities moved in 2008 included petroleum products, iron, steel, fertilizers, sand, gravel, rock, and soybeans and other agricultural products.
Prominent Arkansas Features of the McClellan-Kerr System
- Montgomery Point Lock and Dam
- Arkansas Post Canal
- W. F. Norrell Lock and Dam
- Joe Hardin Lock and Dam
- Emmett Sanders Lock and Dam
- Col. Charles D. Maynard Lock and Dam
- David D. Terry Lock and Dam
- Murray Lock and Dam
- Toad Suck Lock and Dam
- Arthur V. Ormond Lock and Dam
- Dardanelle Lock and Dam
- Ozark-Jeta Taylor Lock and Dam
- James W. Trimble Lock and Dam
- S. Charles Bolton, 25 Years Later: A History of the McClellan-Kerr Arkansas River Navigation System in Arkansas (Little Rock: U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, Little Rock District, 1995).
- Mary Yeater Rathburn, Castle on the Rock: The History of the Little Rock District U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, 1881-1985 (Little Rock: U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, Little Rock District, 1990).