Fred Thomas Jones
Jones was born to Fred R. Jones and Harriett E. Jones in Homer, Louisiana, on September 8, 1877. He attended the Claiborne Parish School of Bishop College in Marshall, Texas, and the Tuskegee Institute located in Tuskegee, Alabama, before graduating from Arkansas Branch Normal College in Pine Bluff, Arkansas. Jones completed his medical education at Meharry Medical College in 1905.
Jones established Mercy Sanitarium in Shreveport, Louisiana, in 1915. In 1918 he traveled to Little Rock and founded Booker T. Washington Memorial Hospital. By February 1918 the hospital had been renamed J. E. Bush Memorial Hospital. One year later Jones started another local hospital, the Great Southern Fraternal Hospital at the intersection of State and Ninth streets. This hospital closed in 1929.