William Jefferson (Bill) Clinton
William Jefferson (Bill) Clinton is the forty-second President of the United States. He was governor of Arkansas for twelve years, from 1979-1981 and 1983-1993.
In August 2001 Clinton explained that he was motivated to use his presidential library in Little Rock as an opportunity to maintain his agenda out of office. "I think I was given a phenomenal opportunity to serve as president," he said. "And I think that I should spend the rest of my life trying to give back out of a wealth of experience that no one could ever have unless they had been president."
Clinton personally visited seven of the ten presidential libraries in the National Archives system to glean ideas for his own library. Clinton writes briefly in his autobiography My Life of his thinking with regards to the characteristics he wanted expressed in his own presidential library: "I had thought a lot about the library and its exhibits on my years as President. Each President has to raise all the funds to build his library, plus an endowment to maintain the facility. The National Archives then provides the staff to organize and care for its contents. I had pored over the work of several architects and had visited many of the presidential libraries. The overwhelming majority of people who visit them come to see the exhibits, but the building has to be built in a way that preserves the records. I wanted the exhibit space to be open, beautiful, and full of light, and I wanted the material presented in a way that demonstrated America’s movement into the twenty-first century."
In My Life Clinton notes that he selected the architect James Polshek "largely because of his design for the Rose Center for Earth and Space in New York, a huge glass-and-steel structure with a massive globe inside." Before he made his decision Clinton asked his daughter Chelsea to visit Stanford University Museum of Art, which Polshek had renovated and expanded. She liked the result. Ralph Appelbaum was selected to make the exhibits as he believed "his work on the Holocaust Museum in Washington was the best I had ever seen." Polshek later noted that Clinton "was the worst client he had ever had: if he came to see me after a six-month hiatus with only a minor change in the drawings, I would notice and ask him about it."
Clinton has said that the design for the Clinton Library foyer was inspired by the open plan of a similar entryway at the George H.W. Bush Library in College Station, Texas.
Clinton explained the placement of his library in Little Rock in his autobiography as well. "I felt I owed it to my native state and because I thought the library should be in the heartland of America where people who didn’t travel to Washington or New York would have direct access to it. The city of Little Rock, on the initiative of Mayor Jim Dailey and city board member Dr. Dean Kumpuris, had offered twenty-seven acres of land along the Arkansas River in the old section of town, which was being revitalized and was not far from the Old State Capitol, the scene of so many important events in my life."
- Bill Clinton, My Life (New York: Vintage, 2004), 875-876, 967.
- Kevin Sack, "Clinton Lays Out Future for Library, and Himself," New York Times, August 3, 2001.
- Hugh Sidey, "Raindrops and Reconciliation: Behind the Scenes at the Clinton Library opening, as Old Foes Praised One Another," Time, November 29, 2004.